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ANTHRACITE COAL MINING IN THE SCRANTON STEAMTOWN POCONO WILKES BARRE REGION

Scranton Mining Pictures

SCRANTON POCONO REGION


When the iron industry ran out of iron ore in the area the only resource Scranton had was coal, and the robber borons exploited it to the hilt. Ford Motor Company at one time wanted to bring an auto manfactuing plant to Scranton, and was stopped by the local businesses who feared it would cut out their source of cheap labor.



The huge surealistic buildings are called Coal Breakers...
and that was their purpose. They broke down the large
sized pieces of coal into various sizes needed for commerce.


They ravaged the land as they ravaged the people. Though the area is beautiful with all of its many lakes and mountains, some of the remains of the effects of the strip mining still dot the landscape.

The Anthracite Strike of 1902 was one of the great events in American labor history. The well intentioned Sherman Anti-Trust act of 1890 prohibited "combination in restraint of trade" which was written to stop industrial monopolies, but was used more against unions until 1902. Those who fought the unions with violence were mostly not punished. In 1897 in Lattimer the sheriff of Luzerne County had his men shoot into a crowd of protesting miners. They wounded 49 men and killed 19 and yet no one was ever put to trial. All levels of government as well as the Roman Catholic Church were adamantly opposed to union organization. Rome even had a ban against union membership until thanks to the urging of Cardinal Gibbons of Baltimore and Bishop Hoban of Scranton. All this would change under the leadership of one John L. Mitchell who became the 5th president of the United Mine Workers in 1899 at the young age of 29. He won a 10% pay increase. Then asked a 20% increase, an eight hour day and other improvements. Hence the strike of 1902 It turned out to be the longest strike in the history of coal mining. It was the largest and longest labor action in the world up until that time and the most important strike in American history. It laid the foundation for the entire labor movement in the United States. There is a monument to his memory in front of the Lackawanna Courthouse in downtown Scranton.

...

The owners of the mines called themselves "Christian men to whom God in His infinite wisdom had give control of the property interests in this country!" It was these same coal barons that did not allow Henry Ford to bring the automobile industry to Scranton, that would have changed the course of history for the city. The workers sustained a $25 million dollar loss, an unthinkable amount of money in those days. President Roosevelt had to force the owners to sit down face to face with Mitchell. Never before had a president been forced to step in to help solve such a situation. Mitchell won many concessions and it was the most important union success in history. Scranton's Courthouse Square has the typical monuments to presidents and soldiers, but the largest of all is the monument dedicated to the memory of John Mitchell.

All manner of legislation would be passed to protect miners including a law that made it necessary for every mine foreman to take long difficult tests of their knowledge of mining procedures and regulations. The one book that had all the information they need to study was written by Thomas J. Foster from Scranton. He was so successful that he set up a correspondence school for miners. In 1901 he merged with his publisher and International Correspondence Schools was born. Most people who see ads in the back of magazines, comic books and Sally Struthers on TV do not realize that the ICS is located in Scranton, and has had millions of mail order students from throughout the world.

Pictures of Miners and their families, who all worked and were dependant on the mines.

An actual underground tour of an old mine is available to visit while in the Pocono Mountain Region.

Tourist Information...
Go to Scranton's Houdini Museum (POCONO REGION)
Go to Pocono - Scranton Fun Guide.
Go to FREE AREA GUIDE LINK
Go to Pocono Directory
Go to Pocono free discount coupon Page
Go to Museum Directory |
Go to Scranton's Grand RR Stations built because of Scranton's Iron, Steel and coal.
Go to Old Railroad promoting clean (?) rides with Phoebe Snow.
Go to SCRANTON HISTORY. Historic Jewel of the Pocono Region.
Go to Tour 1 of Scranton. City skyline
Go to Tour 2 of Scranton. Government buildings
Go to Tour 3 of Scranton. A tour of Luna Amusement Park .
Go to Tour 4 of Scranton. A tour of the old coal mining area.
Go to East Stroudsburg History.
Go to Delaware Water Gap History.
Go to Jim Thorpe History.
Go to Nicholson Bridge. World's Largest Concrete Bridge.
Go to Stroudsburg History.
Go to Wilkes Barre History.
Go to Early theater history in Scranton.
FREE AREA GUIDE LINK | 200 Restaurants-Hotels | Links-Hotels, etc. |
Go to LIST OF OVER 200 POCONO/ SCRANTON HOTELS/RESTAURANTS LISTED BY AREA.


Go to (links)local hotels, local museums, CityLink USA, etc.




This web site includes Houdini's biography, Houdini's tricks, Houdini's death, Houdini quotes, the Houdini movies or Houdini movies, our Houdini Inc., Houdini's real last name, and Houdini's magic.


Website of Scranton Magician Dick Brookz
© 1989-2003 by The Houdini Museum. No part of any of this document may be reproduced in any form, without written permission. The graphics have been retouched, computer enhanced and resized by the authors.




END OF DOCUMENT

This web site includes Houdini's biography, Houdini's tricks, Houdini's death, Houdini quotes, the Houdini movies or Houdini movies, our Houdini Inc., Houdini's real last name, and Houdini's magic.


Website of Scranton Magician Dick Brookz
Address: 1433 N. Main Ave., Scranton, Pennsylvania (PA), 18508

Things to do in Scranton